Independent research

BLOOM’s research activities

BLOOM engages in independent research to produce critical analysis and expertise, providing an alternative perspective to the dominant lines of thought about fisjhing as well as the lack of transparency surrounding data on public funding.

BLOOM is inspired by the scientific work that Daniel Pauly conducted with his teams at the University of British Columbia in Canada and desires, naturally on a much smaller scale (it is a very large university research team), to create a similar research hub in France, free from various pressures and from productivist dogma. Today in France, as in many powerful fishing nations (Spain, Portugal, Iceland, Norway, Japan etc.), researchers are often still trained in a culture of optimiseing productivity and returns.

They consequently struggle to integrate the environmental and ecosystemic dimension into their thought and management model, a phenomenon brilliantly described and analysed by Daniel Pauly in a recent article (an essential read): “Beyond duplicity and ignorance in global fisheries” (2009).

BLOOM’s studies

Deep-Sea Fishing

November 2011 – An investigation into the market of deep-sea shark liver oil The hideous price of beauty

September 2011 – Study on Deep-Sea Fisheries (English) Deep-Sea Fisheries in France: a Historical and Economic Perspective

May 2011 – Deep-Sea Fisheries Report (French) The Ecological and Socio-Economic Profile of Deep-Sea Fisheries

May 2011 – BLOOM’s Study on School Canteens (full manuscript – French) Do our children eat at-risk fish species?

May 2011 – BLOOM’s study on school canteens (summary – English) At-risk fish species served in school canteens


BLOOM conducted a survey on the use of shark liver oil in cosmetics and it revealed that the cosmetics industry was the greatest user of animal squalene in the world. This is despite the fact that the big, Western cosmetics companies have a commitment not to use squalene of animal origin in the formulation of their creams. This confirms the work of CNRS who found that 7/8 creams contained squalene from animals, even though substitutes, from olives or sugar, exist.

BLOOM’s scientific works

Deep-Sea Fishing

29 September 2012 – Publication scientifique : S. Villasante et al., Sustainability of deep-sea fish species under the European Union Common Fisheries Policy. Ocean & Coastal Management (2012). Sustainability of deep-sea fish species under the European Union Common Fisheries Policy

31 August – 3 Sept 2010 – Summary of an International Scientific Workshop (English) Can ecosystem-based deep-sea fishing be sustained?

Consumption Guide June 2011 – BLOOM’s Guide (French) Guide to Sustainable Fish Consumption The fraud of the French “Deep-Sea Mission” – November 2010 Letter to French Minister of Ecology Jean-Louis Borloo: English version | French version Appendices to the letter to Jean-Louis Borloo, dated 2 November : English version | French version

Documents of partner organizations : Deep Sea Conservation Coalition and The Pew Environment Group

May 2011 – Information on the deep sea (French) Top 10 : Panorama of Deep-Sea Fishing in the North-East Atlantic

May 2011 – Deep Impact (French) Les faits, rien que les faits… sur les grands fonds marins et la pêche en eaux profondes dans l’Atlantique nord-est

March 2011 – The Deep Sea Conservation Coalition 2011-2012 Overview

Recommended reading:

The European Commission has just, in 2012, reiterated that only 22% of fish stocks in Europe are not overexploited: Communication from the commission to the council concerning a consultation on Fishing Opportunities for 2013 “It is worrying that in European waters 65% of the stocks are not fully assessed and only 22% of stocks under TACs known not to be overfished (Annex I). Futhermore, the tendency over the past years has been that a decreasing proportion of stocks (from 47% in 2003 to 35% in 2012) can be classified according to safe biological limits.” 

Observer program for French deep-sea fisheries, 2010 (page 22 onwards)

  • 11.38% of fishing trips (19 out of 167) were observed. In the Southern Ocean (French Southern and Antarctic Territories), for toothfish fisheries, 100% of trips were observed.
  • 144 species were caught (for three main target species)
  • Discards accounted for an average of 20.6% of the weight, and up to 52.8%
  • With a 100-119mm mesh size, nearly 80 bycatch species caught
  • With a 120-139mm mesh size, nearly 100 bycatch species caught
  • The main discard species in weight terms were Alepocephalus bairdii (Baird’s slickhead) and greater argentine.
  • The spiny dogfish, a critically endangered shark, featured among those species caught.

Observer program for French deep-sea fisheries, 2003-2008 (page 39 onwards)

  • For West Scotland only, deep-water species (code: “OTB_DWS”)
  • There are 5 French deep-sea trawlers in the zone
  • Their landings represent 22% of landings in weight from the zone and 33% in value
  • Sampling of fishing trips for deep-water species in

– 2003: 0 – 2004: 4.49% – 2005: 4.24% – 2006: 3.86% – 2007: 0 – 2008: 4.29%

  • DISCARDS between 2003-2008 for French deep-sea trawlers operating in West Scotland:
  • Average : 29%, Minimum 3%, maximum 82%

Important links

Declared sales at fish auctions (2009) (in French): Données de ventes déclarées en halles à marée Annual fishing and aquaculture production summary (2008) (in French): Bilan annuel de production 2008 pêche et aquaculture Observations on board fishing ships – Sampling summary 2010 (in French): Observations à bord des navires de pêche – Bilan de l’échantillonnage 2010

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