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Properties of the tablets pressed w ith tw o different diam eters 12 m m 20 m m W eight order genuine selegiline on-line. purchase selegiline australia. order selegiline without a prescription. buy online selegiline................................................. Properties of the suspension There was only a slow sedim entation during storage and the redispersi- bility after weeks was excellent. Rem arks Due to the poor flowability of the powder the tabletting m achine should be equipped with a special technical device providing a continuous and hom ogenous filling of the dies. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, sieve and press on a rotary press to tablets with low com pression force. Rem arks Due to the reduced flowability the tabletting m achine should be equipped with a special technical device providing a continuous and hom ogenous filling of the m olds. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, pass through sieve and press with low com pression force. Colour stability After 2 weeks at room tem perature no change of the colour of the tab- lets was observed but the long term com patibility between am inophylline and lactose should be controlled. Preparation of the suspension for adm inistration To 66 g of the powder add water to fill to a total volum e of 100 m l shaking very well. Adm inistration Prior to adm inistration, the dry content of an am poule is m ixed with 1. Rem ark The castor oil should not be heated to m ore than 50 °C because at higher tem perature a strong thickening effect was observed. Preparation of the suspension for adm inistration To 66 g of the powder add water to fill to a total volum e of 100 m l shaking very well. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, pass through a sieve and press with low com pres- sion force. Adm inistration Shake 83 g of the granules with drinking water and fill the flask until the 100 m l m ark. Properties of the the suspension W hite suspension showing no sedim entation during 24 hours and good redispersibility. Properties of the suspensions Light-brown suspension showing no sedim entation during 24 hours and good redispersibility. M anufacturing Dissolve the preservatives and the carboxy m ethylcellulose sodium in the hot water and add Kollidon 90 F and sodium bisulfite. Properties of the suspension W hite hom ogeneous suspension having a viscosity of about 160 m Pa·s. This basic cream was tested with different active ingredients soluble in 1,2-propylene glycol. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents for 10 m inutes in a turbula m ixer and press with low com pression force. Rem ark To prevent of discolouration of Kollidon in the solution during storage 0. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, pass through a sieve and press with high com pres- sion force. Rem arks A colourant pigm ent should be added to obtain a hom ogeneous appear- ance of the tablets. Rem arks A colourant pigm ent should be added to obtain a hom ogeneous appearance of the tablets. These tablets could be com m ercialized in Europe as dietary food because all com ponents are allowed for this application. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, pass through a sieve and press with m edium com pression force. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents and press with a low com pression force. Rem ark These tablets could be com m ercialized in Europe as dietary food because all com ponents are allowed for this application. M anufacturing Dissolve betam ethasone valerate in the m ixture of Lutrol E 400 and M iglyol 812. Physical stability No change of appearance or crystallization were observed during 6 weeks at 45 °C. Rem ark Perhaps a certain am ount of propylene glycol could be substituted by water. Physical stability No change or appearance or crystallization were observed during 6 weeks at 45 °C. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, pass through a sieve and press with m edium com pression force. Rem ark If the bran is not m illed, the hardness of tablet is higher but the content uniform ity is less. These tablets could be com m ercialized in Europe as dietary food because all com ponents are allowed for this application. M anufacturing Dissolve the preservative in hot water, cool, dissolve Kollidon 25, add chloram phenicol and stir until a clear solution is obtained. Rem ark To prevent of discolouration of Kollidon in the solution during storage 0. M anufacturing M ix com ponents I at 70°C to obtain a clear solution and cool to about 40 °C. Physical Stability After 3 weeks at room tem perature and at 45 °C no change of appea- rance and viscosity was observed. M anufacturing Dissolve chlorhexidin diacetate in propylene glycol at >70 °C, stir well and add slowly Lutrol F 127 and water. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents in a turbula m ixer and press to tablets with a com pression force of 20 kN. Rem ark If the content uniform ity does not m eet the requirem ents it would be recom m ended to prepare a prem ix of clenbuterol hydrochloride with a sm all part of the Ludipress before m ixing with the other com ponents of the tabletting m ixture. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, sieve and press with low com pression force. Physical stability No change of appearance or crystallization were observed during 6 weeks at 45 °C. Rem ark The dosage m ay be increased to 2000 m g crospovidone by increasing the tablet weight to 3200 m g. Rem ark The dosage m ay be increased to 2000 m g Crospovidone by increasing the tablet weight to 2600 m g. Rem ark If the content uniform ity does not m eet the requirem ents it would be recom m ended to prepare a prem ix of the active ingredient with a sm all part of the Ludipress or with lactose m onohydrate before m ixing with the other com ponents of the form ulation. M anufacturing Dissolve dexpanthenol and Lutrol E 400 in water, add liquid paraffin and stir heating to 60 – 70°C. Properties of the solution A clear colourless solution of very low viscosity was obtained. M anufacturing Dissolve Lutrol F 127 in water at 4 – 6 °C (or at >70 °C) and m ix with the solution of diclofenac sodium in propylene glycol. M anufacturing Dissolve diclofenac sodium in propylene glycol, add the m ixture of water and M iglyol 812. M anufacturing Dissolve diclofenac sodium in the aqueous solution of the auxiliaries. Physical stability There was no crystallisation after the storage of 2 weeks at 6 °C. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, pass through a sieve and press with low com pres- sion force. M anufacturing (Direct com pression) M ix all com ponents, sieve and press with low com pression force. Rem ark To enhance the flowability of the tabletting m ixture the am ount of Aerosil 200 could be increased. Rem ark If the content uniform ity does not m eet the requirem ents it would be recom m ended to prepare a prem ix of the active ingredient with a sm all part of the Ludipress or with lactose m onohydrate before m ixing with the other com ponents of the form ulation. The sterilisation can be m ade by aseptic filtration or by heating (120 °C, 20 m in). Rem ark To prevent of discolouration of Kollidon in the solution during storage 0.
Action of ketamine with the opioid receptors contributes to its analgesic and dysphoric reactions purchase selegiline visa. Its action of analgesia is two- to three-fold more stereoselective at µ and κ receptors than at δ receptors (µ >κ >δ) cheap selegiline american express. The sympathomimetic properties of ketamine result from enhanced central and peripheral monoaminergic transmission purchase selegiline now. It also inhibits central and peripheral cholinergic transmission and contributes to the induc- tion of anesthesia and a state of hallucinations order selegiline in united states online. The local anesthetic property of ketamine is derived from its ability to block Na+ channels at high dose. Common procedures undertaken with ketamine anesthesia include minor to intermediate orthopedic surgery, gynecological surgery, drainage of abscesses, debridement of burns, change of dressings and minor dental procedures, bone marrow biopsies and spinal taps in children, intubations for patients with status asthmaticus, as well as a variety of examinations under anesthesia. During anesthesia, blood ketamine concentrations of 2000 to 3000 ng/mL are used, and patients may begin to awake from a surgical pro- cedure when concentrations have been naturally reduced to 500 to 1000 ng/mL. Pharmacokinetics Volume of distribution: large, ketamine readily crosses the blood-brain barrier Peak plasma concentrations: within 1 minute I. Oral administration of ketamine produces lower peak concentrations, but increased amounts of the metabolites norketa- mine and dehydronorketamine. Less than 4% of the drug is excreted in the urine unchanged and ketamine use can be detected in urine for approxi- mately 3 days. Pathological conditions affecting liver function result in decreased clearance of ketamine with prolonged and exaggerated effect Drug-Drug Interactions Prolonged recovery time may occur if barbiturates and/or narcotics are used concurrently with ketamine. Lorazepam may decrease ketamine-associated emotional distress but does not decrease cognitive or behavioral effects of ketamine. Haloperidol may decrease impairment by ketamine in executive control functions, but does not affect psychosis, perceptual changes, negative schizophrenic-like symp- toms, or euphoria. These effects resemble a direct stimulation and excitation of the central sympathetic nervous sys- tem. Increases in plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine levels occur as early as 2 minutes after I. This results in an increase in systemic and pulmonary arterial blood pressures, heart rate, cardiac output, cardiac work, and myocardial oxygen requirement, associated with appropriately increased coronary artery dilation and flow. In vitro ketamine produces a direct negative inotropic effect, myocardial depression, and vasodilatation, emphasizing the importance of 292 C. The use of inhaled anesthetic agents concomitantly with ketamine may block its cardiovascular effects as well. This reflects the depletion of their endogenous catecholamine stores and exhaustion of their sympathetic drive, leading to unmasking of ketamine’s direct myocardial depressant effect. Ketamine is also used in children undergoing painful procedures, such as dressing changes on burn wounds. Previous administration of thiopental, diazepam, or midazolam, along with hyperventilation, has been shown to blunt this ketamine-induced increase in cerebral blood flow. The cataleptic state induced is accompanied by nystagmus with papillary dilation, salivation, lacrimation, and spontaneous involuntary muscle movements and gaze into the distance without closing the eyes. These eye effects, along with increased intraocular pressure by ketamine, make its use controversial in open eye injury cases. Induction with ketamine produces a hypnotic state and a dose-related anterograde amnesia, during which the patients are unresponsive to painful stimuli. The added advantage over other parenteral anesthetics is the intense analgesia produced by ketamine. Emergence and recovery from ketamine anesthesia has been accompanied with both pleasant and unpleasant dreams. Illusions, visual disturbances and hallucinations, “weird trips,” floating sensations, alterations in mood and body image, and delirium have been reported. The psychedelic effects of dreams and hallucinations can occur up to 24 hours after the administration of ketamine. The incidence of these phenomena occurs less frequently in young children, and premedication with a benzodiazepine may decrease these effects. Emergence delirium probably occurs secondary to the ketamine-induced depression of the inferior colliculus and medial geniculate nucleus, leading to misinterpretation of auditory and visual stimuli. Sedative Hypnotic and Anesthetic Agents 293 Respiratory Ketamine does not produce significant depression of ventilation. Upper airway muscle tone and airway reflexes such as cough, gag, sneeze, and swallow are relatively intact and well maintained. The patients may be capable of main- taining an intact airway and swallowing during ketamine anesthesia. This effect is secondary to inhibition of extraneuronal uptake of catecholamines, by inhibition of calcium influx through calcium channels in the bronchial smooth muscle cells, and by inhibition of postsynaptic nicotinic or muscarinic receptors in the tracheobronchial tree. Under anesthesia with ketamine, salivary and tracheobronchial secretions are increased, the ventilatory response to carbon dioxide is maintained, and functional residual capacity in spontaneously breathing healthy young children is unaffected. Perhaps the most important property of ketamine is that, despite the induction of anesthesia and dissociation, the cough and gag reflexes usually are not affected. Hepatic and Renal Ketamine does not significantly alter hepatic and renal functions. Ketamine has been used safely in patients with myopathies and a history of malignant hyperthermia. Other Allergy (rarely because not followed by histamine release); cardiovascular stimulation; partial airway obstruction; and minor postanesthetic complica- tions (profuse salivation, lacrimation, sweating, involuntary purposeless move- ments, unpleasant dreams with restlessness, and a more prolonged recovery) have also been observed. Poisoning Information Drowsiness, perceptual distortions, and intoxication may be dose related in a concentration range of 50 to 200 ng/mL. Ketamine is considered a drug with abuse potential and is currently a Schedule C controlled substance in the United States. Ketamine crosses the placenta but studies in animals have not shown ketamine to cause any birth defects. Recreationally, ketamine is used as a psychedelic and for its dissoci- ative effects. Abrupt discontinuation in chronic users causes a physiological withdrawal syndrome. Standard Concentrations and Compatible Diluents The S(+) isomer of ketamine preparation in sodium chloride solution has a pH of 3. Ketamine hydrochloride injection is supplied as the hydrochloride in concentrations equivalent to ketamine base. The color of the solution may vary from colorless to very slightly yellowish and may darken after prolonged exposure to light. Barbiturates and ketamine, being chemically incompatible because of precipitate formation, should not be injected from the same syringe. Dexmedetomidine Indications Dexmedetomidine is a selective, centrally acting, α2-adrenoceptor agonist with centrally mediated sympatholytic, sedative, and analgesic effects. Clonidine, which was initially introduced as an antihypertensive, is the most commonly used α2 agonist by anesthesiolo- gists. Mechanism of Action The mechanism of action of dexmedetomidine differs from clonidine because dexmedetomidine possesses selective α2-adrenoceptor agonism, espe- cially for the 2A subtype of this receptor, which causes dexmedetomidine to be a much more effective sedative and analgesic agent than clonidine. They are located both prejunctionally and postjunctionally and are generally inhibitory, whereas α1-adrenoceptors are excitatory. An exception is in vascular smooth muscle, where α2-adrenoceptor stimulation causes vaso- constriction. Presynaptically, α2-receptor activation reduces norepinephrine release, and activation of postsynaptic α2-receptors hyperpolarizes neu- tral membranes. Activation of these receptors by norepinephrine, thus, acts as an inhibitory feedback loop, reducing further release of norepinephrine. Decreases in norepinephrine levels reduce brain noradrenergic activity and inhibit sympathetic outflow and tone, causing hypotension, bradycardia, seda- tion, and analgesia. Additionally, α-receptors are found in platelets and many other organs, including the liver, pancreas, kidney, and eye. The responses from these organs include decreased secretion, salivation, and bowel motility; increased glomerular filtration, secretion of sodium and water, and inhibition of renin release in the kidney; decreased intraocular pressure; and decreased insulin release from the pancreas. Dosing, Uses/Indications Dexmedetomidine is an anesthetic agent used to reduce anxiety and tension, and promote relaxation and sedation. It can be used for premedication, especially for patients in whom preoperative stress is undesirable. Dexmedeto- midine has also been found to be an effective drug for premedication before I. In mechanically ventilated patients, dexmedetomidine has been continu- ously infused before extubation, during extubation, and after extubation.
This is expert systems with a minimum of preliminary analytical work of man-expert buy generic selegiline canada. The software package FuziCalc buy selegiline amex, uniting the mathematical apparatus of fuzzy logic with spreadsheets generic selegiline 5 mg online, is presented particular interest purchase 5 mg selegiline. FuziCalc has a friendly interface, analogical an interface of Excel, acquaintance to the users. Its feature is possibility of description of fuzzy object in a cell, noting the object as «fuzzy» and building function of object distribution in the special window. In connection with inaccessibility of this commercial package in educational process are presented actually analysis the possibility of work with fuzzy data in freeware spreadsheet. The goal of work is researching the methods of solving of fuzzy logic tasks in the environment OpenOffice. The described method allows successful solving educational fuzzy logic tasks in the environment spreadsheets of free software OpenOfficeorg. Mathematics is an extremely powerful and flexible tool in the study of the world around us. It is the queen of sciences, since its application can be found in every sphere of human activity. In particular, a set of numbers is constantly applied in the daily life of each person. Mathematically to estimate influence of the physical loadings on work of heart of man, and also to pay regard to method of Rufe, determining level of the physical loading for a man without a risk for his health. Experiments conducted among 1000 students of school age during engaged in a physical culture. Research was conducted with the observance of ethnic norms and rules of conduct with teenagers. It should be added that 83 - 85% of teens have a poor performance in the functional tests. However, in cases where non-pharmacological therapy is ineffective, medication and non-drug therapy are administered simultaneously. It should be noted that the pharmaceutical industry is the most important link in the treatment of adolescents, as it is extremely difficult to cope with any disease without the help of drugs. The choice of drugs in adolescence and young age should also take into account the peculiarities of hypertension pathophysiology, the presence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, the presence of comorbid conditions 282 (obesity, diabetes, disorders of the autonomic nervous regulation, renal functioning, and others). In addition, the criteria for drugs selection include: drug efficacy, side effects, cardio protective effect of the drug, the number of doses per day, the cost of the drug. Concerned parents may also begin to self-medicate, which can cause further problems, as they should start with the lowest dose of the drug to reduce the adverse side effects. Subsequently, a decision on replacement of a drug or a combination of therapies is made, depending on drug tolerability and its antihypertensive effect. Diuretics occupy the honorable first place among these agents, which in principle do not differ in anti-hypertensive action. Moreover, judging from the degree of influence on the endpoints of hypertension in young patients, risk factor was more significant than the increase in general cholesterol level. It became obvious that hypertension in adolescents should be cured as soon as possible – not only for improvement of the quality of patients‘ life, reduction of blood pressure and existing symptoms, but also for long-term prevention of cardiovascular diseases. It can be concluded that a number of studies make us look at the problem in a new way and to draw attention to the need for the diagnosis of hypertension in adolescents, taking into account the risk factors that will help to determine the prognosis and tactics. Therefore, such examination by skilled workers and the choice of drugs on the advice of the pharmacist will lead to the best results. Objective: The actual problem of atomic absorption analysis in medicine and pharmacy is the creation of multi-spectral light sources. The use of multi- element lamps eliminate the need for a change of light sources in the restructuring of the analyzer on the various elements thereby reducing the analysis time. Materials and Methods: Use as a spectral light sources, hollow cathode lamps due to the advantages of this form of discharge as the almost complete absence of the field and the low temperature of the gas in the negative glow. The discharge of the hollow cathode allows to initiate intensive and at the same time sufficiently complete spectra of neutral atoms and ions with narrow lines is almost completely free of the broadening due to the Stark and Doppler effects. Due to the peculiarities of the discharge mechanism of the hollow cathode discharge are present in the spectrum of the arc and spark lines as the main gas and cathode material. Results and discussion: Usually atomic absorption spectrometer contains multiple light sources, selectable using a stepper motor. The disadvantage of such structures is a significant increase in lamp size and partial diaframirovannie emission cathodes distant. Additionally, you must rebuild the optical system control device for the removal of various cathodes. It is proposed to use a coaxial cylindrical hollow cathode instead of the cathode for the creation of a multi-element light source for spectral analysis. Along the axis of the cathode cavity accommodate 5 -6 bars of equal length cathodes made of different materials. The diameter of the rods must be minimal, but to a certain size so that it does not lead to the heating 284 and deformation of the rods. The radius of the circle on which the rods must be located advisable to take equal to half the radius of the cathode polosti. Eto due to the fact that the bars do not extend beyond the region of negative glow that can reduce the radiation intensity. Accommodation close to the axis of the rods leads to mutual screening rods from the ions coming from the negative glow, which can also reduce the intensity of the radiation. The current density of the rod of the cylinder can exceed the current density of the order. Therefore rod sprayed more intensively than the cylinder, hence at small discharge currents will occur in the spectrum lines of the material web and the cylinder are fixed line material. Thus, a compound of one of the cylinder rods to the cathode leads to a source line in the spectrum of radiation material rod. To change the form of the spectrum is only necessary to connect to the cathode corresponding rod Conclusions: The proposed design of the light source it is possible to control the intensity of the emission spectra of different elements at a constant discharge current by applying the rod of a building. The proposed multi -element light source can be used in devices for multi-atomic absorption analysis. Economic theory, the provisions of which are used in the selection of regressors, is not perfect. So often in the econometric model includes factors that should not be there, and do not turn on the factors that must be present there. Proper specification of the econometric model indicates that • choose the right function for the relationship between the independent and dependent variables; • excluded from the model covariates insignificant and unimportant; • the model includes all relevant and significant covariates. Violation of the last of these conditions leads to very unpleasant consequences: • estimation of the regression parameters are biased and unfounded; • checking the quality of the model hypotheses and the construct confidence intervals for the parameter estimates are incorrect. The test is based on the auxiliary regression of the dependent variable on factors x1, x2 of the original model and power functions of the estimated values variable ŷ: 2 3 = 0 + 1 1 + 2 2 + 1 + 2 + ⋯ + + Further, it is necessary to check a hypothesis by the corresponding F-test: 0: 1 = 2 = ⋯ = = 0 If value of statistics is more critical, then the zero hypothesis is rejected, and the specification of model is recognized incorrect. The considered scheme of testing of the specification of econometric model is realized in many software products, in particular in the program environment R. R is distributed free of charge, and now it is the de facto standard for statistical computing. Usage: resettest(formula, power = 2:3, type = c("fitted", "regressor", "princomp"), data = list()) Arguments: A symbolic description for the model to be tested (or a fitted formula "lm" object). A vector of positive integers indicating the powers of power the variables that should be included. A string indicating whether powers of the fitted response, the regressor variables (factors are left out), or the first principal type component of the regressor matrix should be included in the extended model. The studies in theoretical immunology on the basis of mathematical models are considered nowadays as a priority direction in the investigations of complex systems in biological sciences which is supported by the European Science Foundation and the European Society of Mathematical and Theoretical Biology. Understanding of regularities in immune response provides the researchers and clinicians new powerful tools for the stimulation of the immune system and for increasing its efficiency in the struggle against antigen invasion. In this connection the construction of mathematical models of immune response to an antigen irritant is considered as the only right tactics in the cognition of the above regularities. The aim of the work is to develop the simple mathematical model of subclinical form of infectious disease on the basis of an equilibrium relation for each component that participates in an immune response (antigen, antibody, plasma cell, and degree of damage of an organ subjected to antigen attack). The mathematical model must adequate represent the immunological models based on theoretical and experimental conceptions on the defense system of organism. Indeed, in designing the simplest model of immune defense we have used the main conception of immunology: an antibody binds an antigen and forms antibody-antigen complexes. In proportion to the quantity of these complexes, plasma cells are formed in an organism in a time t which carry out the mass production of antibodies.
Milk cheap generic selegiline uk, nonfat applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 milk purchase discount selegiline, or cream cheap selegiline 5mg on-line, as defined in §133 purchase genuine selegiline on-line. Rennet and/or crobial origin may be declared as "en- other clotting enzymes of animal, zymes"; and plant, or microbial origin. The min- rice flour sprinkled on the surface, imum milkfat content is 50 percent by used as a coating for the rind. The name of the moisture content is 44 percent by food is "monterey cheese" or alter- weight, as determined by the methods natively, "monterey jack cheese". One or more of the clotting en- nance, by the use of the terms "milkfat zymes specified in paragraph (b)(2) of and nonfat milk" or "nonfat milk and this section is added to set the dairy milkfat", as appropriate. Part of the whey is drained off, High-moisture jack cheese conforms and water or salt brine may be added. Rennet and/or scamorza cheese is the food prepared other clotting enzymes of animal, from dairy ingredients and other ingre- plant, or microbial origin. The minimum milkfat levels of which shall not exceed current content is 45 percent by weight of the good manufacturing practice, may be solids, and the moisture content is added to the cheese during the knead- more than 52 percent but not more ing and stretching process and/or ap- than 60 percent by weight as deter- plied to the surface of the cheese. When the (2) The phenol equivalent value of food is made with water buffalo milk, 0. Each of the in- ents specified in paragraph (b)(1) of gredients used in the food shall be de- this section is warmed to approxi- clared on the label as required by the mately 88 °F (31. One or more of the (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or mi- clotting enzymes specified in para- crobial origin may be declared as "en- graph (b)(2) of this section is added to zymes"; and set the dairy ingredients to a semisolid (2) The dairy ingredients may be de- mass. The mass is cut, and it may be clared, in descending order of predomi- stirred to facilitate separation of whey nance, by the use of the terms "milkfat from the curd. The whey is drained, and nonfat milk" or "nonfat milk and and the curd may be washed with cold milkfat", "milkfat from water buffalo water and the water drained off. The milk and nonfat buffalo milk" or curd may be collected in bundles for "nonfat water buffalo milk and milkfat further drainage and for ripening. The from water buffalo milk," as appro- curd may be iced, it may be held under priate. The zarella cheese, low-moisture scamorza molded curd is firmed by immersion in cheese is the food prepared from dairy cold water and drained. One or more of ingredients and other ingredients spec- the other optional ingredients specified ified in this section by the procedure in paragraph (b)(3) of this section may set forth in paragraph (a)(3) of this sec- be added during the procedure. The following produces a finished cheese having the safe and suitable ingredients may be same physical and chemical properties. I (4–1–10 Edition) The minimum milkfat content is 45 (ii) Coloring to mask any natural yel- percent by weight of the solids and the low color in the curd. The names of the jected to the action of a lactic acid- food is "low-moisture mozzarella producing bacterial culture. One or cheese" or, alternatively, "low-mois- more of the clotting enzymes specified ture scamorza cheese". When the food in paragraph (b)(2) of this action is is made with water buffalo milk, the added to set the dairy ingredients to a name of the food is accompanied by the semisolid mass. Each of the in- drained and the curd may be cut and gredients used in the food shall be de- piled to promote further separation of clared on the label as required by the whey. It may be washed with cold applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 water and the water drained off. The of this chapter, except that: curd may be collected in bundles for (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or mi- further drainage and for ripening. The crobial origin may be declared as "en- curd may be iced, it may be held under zymes"; and refrigeration, and it may be permitted (2) The dairy ingredients may be de- to warm to room temperature and clared, in descending order of predomi- ripen further. It nance, by the use of the terms "milkfat is immersed in hot water or heated and nonfat milk" or "nonfat milk and with steam and is kneaded and milkfat", "milkfat from water buffalo stretched until smooth and free of milk and nonfat water buffalo milk" or lumps. In "nonfat water buffalo ) The dairy in- molding, the curd is kept sufficiently gredients may be declared, in descend- warm to cause proper sealing of the ing order of predominance, by the use surface. The molded curd is firmed by of the terms "milkfat and nonfat immersion in cold water and drained. Rennet and/or prescribed for mozzarella cheese by clotting enzymes of animal, plant, or §133. Milk, nonfat scamorza cheese conform to the defini- milk, or cream, as defined in §133. Rennet and/or declaration of ingredients prescribed other clotting enzymes of animal, for low-moisture mozzarella cheese and plant, or microbial origin. The name of the of the solids and the maximum mois- food is "muenster cheese" or, alter- ture content is 46 percent by weight, as natively, "munster cheese". The dairy ingredients used are gredients used in the food shall be de- pasteurized. The ard of identity for muenster cheese pre- curd is transferred to forms permitting scribed by §133. I (4–1–10 Edition) (a)(2) of this section or by any other applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 procedure which produces a finished of this chapter, except that: cheese having the same physical and (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or mi- chemical properties. The milkfat con- crobial origin may be declared as "en- tent is not less than 20 percent but less zymes"; and than 33 percent by weight of the fin- (2) The dairy ingredients may be de- ished food and the maximum moisture clared, in descending order of predomi- content is 65 percent by weight, as de- nance, by use of the terms "milkfat termined by the methods described in and nonfat milk" or "nonfat milk and §133. The coagulated duces a finished cheese having the mass may be warmed and stirred and it same physical and chemical properties. The moisture content may It is characterized by the presence of be adjusted with one of the optional in- gredients in paragraph (b)(3)(ii) of this creamy-white mold, a white mutant of section. The curd may be pressed, Penicillium roquefortii, throughout the chilled, worked, and heated until it be- cheese. It may then be homog- is 50 percent by weight of the solids enized or otherwise mixed. One or more and the maximum moisture content is of the dairy ingredients specified in 46 percent by weight, as determined by paragraph (b)(1) of this section or the the methods described in §133. The other optional ingredients specified in dairy ingredients used may be pasteur- paragraph (b)(3) of this section may be ized. The following (2) One or more of the dairy ingredi- safe and suitable ingredients may be ents specified in paragraph (b)(1) of used: this section may be warmed and is sub- (1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat jected to the action of a lactic acid- milk, or cream, as defined in §133. Rennet and/or more of the clotting enzymes specified other clotting enzymes of animal, in paragraph (b)(2) of this section is plant, or microbial origin. The mass is cut into (ii) Cheese whey, concentrated cheese smaller portions and allowed to stand whey, dried cheese whey, or reconsti- for a time. The mixed curd and whey is tuted cheese whey prepared by addition placed into forms permitting further of water to concentrated cheese whey or dried cheese whey. While being placed in forms, (iii) Stabilizers, in a total amount spores of a white mutant of the mold not to exceed 0. The of the finished food, with or without forms are turned several times during the addition of dioctyl sodium sulfo- drainage. The name of the shaped curd and it is held at a tempera- food is "neufchatel cheese". Each of the in- percent relative humidity, until the gredients used in the food shall be de- characteristic mold growth has devel- clared on the label as required by the oped. It contains not more face growth of undesirable microorga- than 32 percent of moisture, and its nisms. One or more of the other op- solids contain not less than 32 percent tional ingredients specified in para- of milkfat, as determined by the meth- graph (b)(3) of this section may be ods prescribed in §133. The following (b) Milk, which may be pasteurized or safe and suitable ingredients may be clarified or both, and which may be used: warmed, is subjected to the action of (1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat harmless lactic-acid-producing bac- milk, or cream, as defined in §133. Rennet and/or other clotting enzymes of animal, and suitable milk-clotting enzyme that plant, or microbial origin. The mass is cut weight of the dairy ingredients, used as into pieces no larger than wheat ker- a coagulation aid. Each of the in- removed and salted in brine, or dry- gredients used in the food shall be de- salted. The cheese is cured in a cool, clared on the label as required by the ventilated room. The rind of the cheese applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 may be coated or colored.