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Place the organization in the publisher position when the organization appears to be serving as both author and publisher trusted aggrenox caps 25/200 mg. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1629 Box 3 continued from previous page discount aggrenox caps 25/200mg without prescription. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications proven aggrenox caps 25/200mg. Names in non-roman alphabets (Cyrillic aggrenox caps 200mg free shipping, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Korean) or character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese). Romanization, a form of transliteration, means using the roman (Latin) alphabet to represent the letters or characters of another alphabet. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. An organization such as a university, society, association, corporation, or governmental body may be an author. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry Division. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma, Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Outcomes, Working Group. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; American College of Emergency Physicians, Pediatric Committee. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1635 Box 9 continued from previous page. Separate the surname from the given name or initials by a comma; follow initials with a period; separate successive names by a semicolon and a space. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with editors where there is no author 9. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1637 Box 12 continued from previous page. If you abbreviate a word in one reference in a list of references, abbreviate the same word in all references. Marubini E (Istituto di Statistica Medica e Biometria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy), Rebora P, Reina G. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1639 Box 14 continued from previous page. Moskva becomes Moscow Wien becomes Vienna Italia becomes Italy Espana becomes Spain Examples for Author Affiliation 10. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with author afliation Title for Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet (required) General Rules for Title • Reproduce the title of a database/retrieval system as closely as possible to the wording that appears on the screen, duplicating capitalization, spacing, and punctuation • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless another form of punctuation (such as a question mark, period, or an exclamation point) is already present • Follow non-English titles with a translation whenever possible; place the translation in square brackets • End a title with a space Specific Rules for Title • Determining the title if there is no standard title page • Titles not in English • Titles in more than one language • Titles ending in punctuation other than a period • Titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character 1640 Citing Medicine • No title can be found Box 16. While many databases/retrieval systems on the Internet display a traditional title page and clearly state the title, some sites do not. When there is no title page: • Look for the most prominent (usually the largest) wording on the opening screen • Look at the title bar of the Web browser (generally in the top lef corner) • Look for the title in the source code of the database/retrieval system if it is displayed by the Web browser • If a title cannot be determined, construct a title by using the frst series of words on the screen; place the constructed title in square brackets Box 17. Rome: Ministero della Salute, Direzione General del Sistema Informativo e Statistico. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1641 Box 17 continued from previous page. Rome: Ministero della Salute, Direzione General del Sistema Informativo e Statistico. Database of β-Amino Acids may become Database of Beta-Amino Acids • If a title contains superscripts or subscripts that cannot be reproduced with the type fonts available, place the superscript or subscript in parentheses TiO2 Nanoparticles may become TiO(2) Nanoparticles Box 21. Database/retrieval system on the Internet title with upper/lowercase letters and symbols 14. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with title ending in other than a period 15. Database/retrieval system on the Internet published with equal text in two languages Content Type for Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet (optional) General Rules for Content Type • A content type alerts the user that the reference is not to a standard book but to a database or retrieval system • Begin type information with a lef square bracket • Enter the words "database on" or "retrieval system on" • End the content type with a space Specific Rules for Content Type • Titles ending in punctuation other than a period • Titles not in English Box 22. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1645 Box 22 continued from previous page. Place the content type and type of medium in square brackets afer the title and end title information with a period. Rome: Ministero della Salute, Direzione General del Sistema Informativo e Statistico. Rome: Ministero della Salute, Direzione General del Sistema Informativo e Statistico. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with title ending in other than a period Edition for Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet (required) General Rules for Edition • Indicate the edition/version being cited afer the Type of Medium when a database/ retrieval system is published in more than one edition or version • Abbreviate common words (see Abbreviation rules for editions below) • Capitalize only the frst word of the edition statement, proper nouns, and proper adjectives • Express words and numbers representing editions in arabic ordinals. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1649 Box 28 continued from previous page. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Examples: ĉ or ç becomes c ⚬ Do not convert numbers or words for numbers to arabic ordinals as is the practice for English language publications. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1651 Box 28 continued from previous page. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Examples: ŏ becomes o ū becomes u ⚬ Do not convert numbers or words for numbers to arabic ordinals as is the practice for English language publications. If a database/retrieval system on the Internet provides information for both an edition and a version: • Give both, in the order presented • Separate the two statements with a semicolon and a space • End edition/version information with a period Examples: 2nd ed. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with an edition or version Editor and other Secondary Authors for Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet (optional) General Rules for Editor and other Secondary Authors • A secondary author modifes the work of the author. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1655 Box 33 continued from previous page. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with editors where there is no author 1656 Citing Medicine 9. When databases/retrieval systems on the Internet do not display a traditional title page that clearly states the place of publication: • Look at the top, bottom, or sidebar of the frst screen or the bottom of the last screen of the site • If it is not in one of these locations, try to obtain it from a link within the site, usually under a "contact us" or similar link • Look in the source code for the database/retrieval system if it is displayed by the Web browser • If the place cannot be determined from the site itself: ⚬ Place the name in square brackets if the city can be reasonably inferred. For example, Chicago as the place of publication of a database/retrieval system issued by the American Medical Association. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1657 Box 35 continued from previous page. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet 1659 Box 37 continued from previous page. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with well known place of publication 20. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with geographic qualifer added to place of publication for clarity 21. Database/retrieval system on the Internet with unknown place of publication 1660 Citing Medicine Publisher for Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet (required) General Rules for Publisher • A publisher is defned as the individual or organization issuing the database/ retrieval system • Record the name of the publisher as it appears on the title page or opening screens, using whatever capitalization and punctuation is found there • Abbreviate well-known publisher names with caution to avoid confusion. When databases/retrieval systems on the Internet do not display a traditional title page that clearly states the name of the publisher: • Look at the top, bottom, or sidebar of the frst screen or the bottom of the last screen of the site • Look for the name afer a copyright statement, e. Publisher information is required in a citation; distributor information may be included as a note. If you abbreviate a word in one reference in a list of references, abbreviate the same word in all references. Place all translated publisher names in square brackets unless the translation is given in the publication.

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Antioxidant and prooxidant activities of alpha-lipoic acid and dihydrolipoic acid 200 mg aggrenox caps free shipping. Feeding acetyl-L-carnitine and lipoic acid to old rats significantly improves metabolic function while decreasing oxidative stress aggrenox caps 200 mg online. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2002; 99: 1870–1875 order 25/200 mg aggrenox caps. Alpha lipoic acid inhibits T cell migration into the spinal cord and suppresses and treats experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis discount aggrenox caps 25/200 mg. Lipoic acid affects cellular migration into the central nervous system and stabilizes blood-brain barrier integrity. Cognitive dysfunction in early-onset multiple sclerosis: a reappraisal after 10 years. Ginkgo biloba for the improvement of cognitive performance in multiple sclerosis: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Effect of exercise training on walking mobility in multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis. Effect of exercise training on quality of life in multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis. Exercise and multiple sclerosis: physiological, psychological, and quality of life issues. Effects of a short-term exercise training program on aerobic fitness, fatigue, health perception and activity level of subjects with multiple sclerosis. Improving quality of life for people with chronic conditions: the example of t’ai chi and multiple sclerosis. Effects of an aquatic fitness program on the muscular strength and endurance of patients with multiple sclerosis. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: association of insulin resistance and mitochondrial abnormalities. Soft drink consumption linked with fatty liver in the absence of traditional risk factors. Ameliorating effects of carnitine and its precursors on alcohol-induced fatty liver. A randomized controlled trial of high-dose ursodesoxycholic acid for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and selected musculoskeletal disorders in the United States. Obesity and osteoarthritis in knee, hip and/or hand: an epidemiological study in the general population with 10 years follow-up. Radiographic assessment and psychologic variables as predictors of pain and functional impairment in osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. Osteoarthritis: a review of the cell biology involved and evidence for reversibility. Anti-inflammatory drugs and their effects on cartilage synthesis and renal function. Getting to the heart of the matter: osteoarthritis takes its place as part of the metabolic syndrome. The effects of weight reduction on the rehabilitation of patients with knee osteoarthritis and obesity. Exercise and dietary weight loss in overweight and obese older adults with knee osteoarthritis: the Arthritis, Diet, and Activity Promotion Trial. An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2003; 62: 208–214. A pilot study of a Mediterranean-type diet intervention in female patients with rheumatoid arthritis living in areas of social deprivation in Glasgow. Glucosamine sulfate for the management of arthrosis: a controlled clinical investigation. Double-blind clinical evaluation of oral glucosamine sulphate in the basic treatment of osteoarthrosis. Therapeutic activity of oral glucosamine sulfate in osteoarthrosis: a placebo-controlled double-blind investigation. The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain. Osteoarthritic patients with high cartilage turnover show increased responsiveness to the cartilage protecting effects of glucosamine sulphate. Long-term effects of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis progression: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Glucosamine sulfate use and delay of progression of knee osteoarthritis: a 3-year, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Correlation between radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis and future disease progression. Results from a 3-year prospective, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate. Glucosamine sulfate reduces osteoarthritis progression in postmenopausal women with knee osteoarthritis: evidence from two 3-year studies. Total joint replacement after glucosamine sulphate treatment in knee osteoarthritis: results of a mean 8-year observation of patients from two previous 3-year, randomised, placebo-controlled trials. Double-blind clinical evaluation of the relative efficacy of ibuprofen and glucosamine sulfate in the management of osteoarthrosis of the knee in out-patients. A large, randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind study of glucosamine sulfate vs piroxicam and vs their association, on the kinetics of the symptomatic effect in knee osteoarthritis. Efficacy and safety of glucosamine sulfate versus ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Evaluation of glucosamine sulfate compared to ibuprofen for the treatment of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis: a randomized double blind controlled 3 month clinical trial. Glucosamine sulfate in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study using acetaminophen as a side comparator. Glucosamine but not ibuprofen alters cartilage turnover in osteoarthritis patients in response to physical training. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of glucosamine sulphate as an analgesic in osteoarthritis of the knee. Randomized, controlled trial of glucosamine for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. Oral glucosamine sulfate in the management of arthrosis: report on a multi-centre open investigation in Portugal. Evaluation of the effect of glucosamine administration on biomarkers for cartilage and bone metabolism in soccer players. The effect of glucosamine and/or chondroitin sulfate on the progression of knee osteoarthritis: a report from the glucosamine/chondroitin arthritis intervention trial. Effects of glucosamine infusion on insulin secretion and insulin action in humans. The effect of glucosamine-chondroitin supplementation on glycosylated hemoglobin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a placebo-controlled, double-blinded, randomized clinical trial. Effect of glucosamine supplementation on fasting and non-fasting plasma glucose and serum insulin concentrations in healthy individuals. A comprehensive review of oral glucosamine use and effects on glucose metabolism in normal and diabetic individuals. Potential glucosamine-warfarin interaction resulting in increased international normalized ratio: case report and review of the literature and MedWatch database. Analysis of glycosaminoglycans in human sera after oral administration of chondroitin sulfate. Biochemical and pharmacokinetic aspects of oral treatment with chondroitin sulfate. Volpi N, Oral bioavailability of chondroitin sulfate (Condrosulf) and its constituents in healthy male volunteers. Intermittent treatment of knee osteoarthritis with oral chondroitin sulfate: a one-year, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study versus placebo. Comparision of the anti-inflammatory efficacy of chondroitinsulfate and diclofenac sodium in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Effect of chondroitin sulphate in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Long-term effects of chondroitins 4 and 6 sulfate on knee osteoarthritis: the study on osteoarthritis progression prevention, a two-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

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Reference Values in Psittaciformes Parameter African Grey Parrot Amazon Parrot Cockatoo Macaw Urea mmol/l 0 200 mg aggrenox caps for sale. Uric Acid Concentrations in Blood Plasma Normal Hematologic and Biochemical Values in Toucans Cornelissen H order 200 mg aggrenox caps fast delivery. From Schöpf A purchase aggrenox caps 25/200 mg without prescription, Vasicek L: Proc Europ Assoc (mg/dl) Avian Vet aggrenox caps 25/200mg discount, Vienna, 1991, pp 437-439. Species Heterophils (%) Lymphocytes (%) Monocytes (%) Basophils (%) Eosinophils (%) Domestic Fowl 19. It is not known whether or not this in vitro hemolysis exists in other gallinaceous birds. Blood Chemistry of Selected Gallinaceous Birds Total Protein Albumin Globulin Creatine Uric Acid Glucose Cholesterin Ca P Na K Species (g %) (g %) (g %) (mg %) (mg %) (mg %) (mg %) (mg %) (mg %) (mEq/l) (mEq/l) Domestic Fowl 3. Dimension of Erythrocytes in Galliformes Long Diameter Short Diameter Thickness Sedimentation Rate of Erythrocytes of Selected Gallinaceous Species Birds (mm) Tubes Slanted (µm) (µm) (µm) Domestic Fowl 10. Males were classified in the same reproductive state as the female with whom they were paired until they began the post-reproductive molt. One may determine the quantity of an enteral nutritional product for a bird from information supplied in Chapter 15. The volume of enteral formula/feeding is determined by dividing the total number of mls required (answer from line 4) by the number of feedings per day (generally four to six). Index Letters following page numbers indicate the following: c=color figure, t=table, f=figure. The primitive approach to external labelling with 125I, which should also be considered as a model for external labelling in general (since attempts to use non-isotopic labelling structures may be expected to benefit from the strategies used for 1251), was to attach an aromatic structure, suitable for subsequent iodination, to the hapten at the same site and by means of the same structures as those employed earlier to link the hapten to the carrier protein in the immunogen [ 1]. Our laboratory reversed the reactions used to prepare the 125I tracer [2]: an aromatic compound was first iodinated and then conjugated to the hapten. Several centres produced ‘local’ solutions to this problem which were more or less successful when used with carefully selected individual antisera. Total count-rates for the mass of tracers added were 4000 and 10 000 counts/min, respectively. Reaction scheme for preparation of 11 ct-hydroxyprogesterone glucuronide and its tyramine conjugate. Total count-rates for the mass of tracers added were 4000 and 6000 counts/min, respectively. A number of apparently random variations in link structures have been tried, with equally haphazard success. A more firmly based approach became apparent when it was found that antisera raised against steroid glucuronides conjugated to a protein by the sugar carboxylate group, exhibit a high degree of cross-reactivity with the corresponding free steroid [5]. This indicated that the glucuronyl structure was but weakly antigenic when used as a link structure. The main requirement, a marked rightward shift in the position of the 1251 tracer curve, had been met, but the slope remained disconcertingly shallow. This combination has been shown to yield standard curves which were equal to (or in one case markedly better than) those given with 3H progesterone in terms of both titre and working range with five of eight such antisera [8]. A somewhat similar strategy has been advanced and shown to succeed by Nordblom et al. The present evidence therefore favours the use of a long thin link for the immunogen, and for the tracer a short fat one, which is branched as closely as possible to the hapten [9a]. Furthermore, the generality of this successful approach has been given additional support by this study which advisedly employed a different steroid and different site for attach­ ment. Again progesterone serves as the model, and it has long been known that the extraction was required solely to overcome problems relating to the presence of binding proteins in serum, since the specificities of the assay systems themselves were perfectly adequate for the specific measurement of progesterone, even in the presence of the highest known pathological concen­ trations of other steroids and sterols which might be expected to cross-react [10]. Cortisol assays, which are technically much less demanding because the serum concentrations are so much higher, have easily escaped from this constraint through the use of high serum dilution and relatively simple means of inhibiting binding to serum proteins. A number of alternative sets of incubation conditions were tried and successful combinations included low pH (4. A further curve with 12sI-Ab 10 ng/mL + uniodinated Ab at 990 ng/mL was also run (o). A further very important factor which determines the extent to which the central linear portion of the curve can be extended downwards (i. This means that any imprecision due to drift is included in the precision estimates. Several samples from surgically hypophectomized patients, and from female blood donors aged 18—35, who presumably happened to be sampled at the very end of a cycle, gave concen­ trations of < 0. These preparations are dialyzed against distilled water and are stable to freeze-drying and subsequent storage at —20° for iodination at intervals. Most laboratories, and particularly the large ones, have instead increasingly used equipment which, though manipulated directly by hand, allows high through­ put with minimal hands-on time. The development of special centrifuge heads capable of taking whole racks of tubes has brought major improvement to the hard-pressed routine labo­ ratory. Magnetic particles too offer an intriguing alternative which has been recently reviewed [29]. Our own laboratory has developed a non-centrifugation system1 [21,22] based upon the use of particulate solid-phase support media (Sepharose but more recently Sephacryl) which settle under 1 g. This provides us with lower detection limits and better precision than we could otherwise achieve [32]. This evidence should include clear warnings when assays or parts of assays move out of control. Such systems will be rejected by specialists, not least on the grounds that both the underlying precepts on which the programs are based and the programs themselves are inaccessible and cannot be modified to meet his requirements. The less experienced worker is warned to resist sales talk, eschew immediate convenience and seek the advice of a disinterested biometrician or specialized assayist. The assayist should accept that anything less than this will unbalance his total resource package. He should be no more tempted to accept less than he would accept the use of a cheap and inadequate diluter or counter. Workers should therefore resist the temptation to indulge in the development of new software and should instead use one of the available packages, unless they have something genuinely new to offer. Pulsed laser fluorescence is a real possibility but the instrumentation which will be required apparently will take some five years to emerge. However, my money is on chemiluminescence which offers higher quantum yield than 125I and is already becoming viable and being brought sufficiently under control to show real promise. Immunoassays are inherently non-robust and the introduction of a further macro­ molecule into the system, and of a time, milieu and temperature-dependent extra step, surely cannot be good. With reference to the external labelling of haptens, a speaker commented on the reduction in assay specificity that could result from modifications intro­ duced into the chemical structure between hapten and label in order to reduce the affinity of antibody for tracer and so to improve assay sensitivity. Hunter emphasized that assays based on the heterologous bridge systems he had described had been fully tested with respect to specificity against assays based on 3H ligands. With Ab’s of very high affinity, the specific activity of *Ab emerged as the factor limiting sensitivity. Hunter contended that it was preferable first to allow Ag to react with *Ab and then to separate the *Ab. Ag on solid-phase linked Ab, since first to allow Ag to react with solid-phase linked Ab would produce a large complex reacting with * Ab only slowly. Ekins expressed the view that while the reaction of Ag with *Ab in the liquid phase would be more rapid than that between Ag and solid-phase linked Ab, the latter reaction would still be more rapid than that between *Ab. Moreover, differences in strategies could be offset by differences in the amounts of reactants used, so that the advantage deriving from any one order of addition might be no more than marginal. Hunter in reply, emphasized that full equilibration of reactants could not be assumed under all assay conditions. Other speakers pointed out that preliminary extraction with solid-phase Ab might be needed to minimize serum effects due to non-specific interfering substances. Reduction in the avidity of *Ab was observed at 125I labelling levels in excess of one atom I per molecule IgG, but counts were already sufficiently high at that level. He found it convenient to use a conventional sheep antiserum for the solid-phase linked Ab. Existing requirements for solid-phase linked Ab were 1 ml sheep antiserum or 1 ml mouse ascites fluid per 1000 tubes; the former could much more readily be provided. The titre of the ascites fluid is higher than 1:106 and the specificity against human placental lactogen, human prolactin and rat growth hormone is nearly complete. A combination of human immunoglobulin (Sandoglobulin®) with polyethylene glycol gives optimal results. A Scatchard plot reveals an affinity constant of 4 X 10_u M and a maximal binding capacity of 2 X 10s cpm/juL.

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Further details of the physical description may also be provided to give additional information such as size buy 25/200 mg aggrenox caps amex, which can afect the equipment needed to view the item order aggrenox caps 200mg with amex. Because examples of journal articles published on videocassette or audiocassette are few in number compared to journal articles in print format 200mg aggrenox caps visa, see also Chapter 1A Journals Articles for additional examples of specifc parts of a citation generic aggrenox caps 200mg on-line. If more information is needed, consult the case housing the audiovisual or any accompanying booklet or documentation. Note that citations to journal articles published in videocassette or audiocassette format are not in PubMed. Journals in Audiovisual Formats 957 Continue to Citation Rules with Examples for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats. Citation Rules with Examples for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference. An R afer the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O afer the name means it is optional. Author (R) | Author Afliation (O) | Article Title (R) | Journal Title (R) | Edition (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Volume Number (R) | Issue Number (R) | Location (Pagination) (R) | Physical Description (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O) Author for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats (required) General Rules for Author • List names in the order they appear on the opening screens or text, the carrying case, or in accompanying documentation • Enter surname (family or last name) frst for each author • Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Names in non-roman alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Korean) or character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese). Romanization, a form of transliteration, means using the roman (Latin) alphabet to represent the letters or characters of another alphabet. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. An organization such as a university, society, association, corporation, or governmental body may serve as an author. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry Division. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma, Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Outcomes, Working Group. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; American College of Emergency Physicians, Pediatric Committee. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Follow the same rules used for author names, but end the list of names with a comma and the word editor or editors. Follow the same rules used for author names, but end the list of names with a comma and the specifc role, that is, editor or translator. Separate the surname from the given name or initials by a comma; follow initials with a period; separate successive names by a semicolon. If you abbreviate a word in one reference, abbreviate the same word in all references. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. However, the name as found on the publication may always be used Moskva becomes Moscow Wien becomes Vienna Box 14 continues on next page... Article in audiovisual format with author afliation included Article Title for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats (required) General Rules for Article Title • Enter the title of an article as it appears on the opening screens or text, the carrying case, or in accompanying documentation • Capitalize only the frst word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless some other form of punctuation (such as a question mark, period, or exclamation point) is already present • Translate titles not in English into English; place the translation in square brackets • End a title with a period unless a question mark or exclamation point already ends it (see Translated article titles ending in punctuation other than a period below) Box 17. Place it within the square brackets for the translation and end title information with a period outside the brackets. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Un nuovo, sicuro e semplice breath test per la diagnosi di maldigestione [A new, safe and simple breath test for the diagnosis of impaired digestion]. Indicate all languages of publication afer the location (pagination) and separate them by commas. Indicate all languages of publication afer the location (pagination) and separate them by commas. Indicate all languages of publication afer the location (pagination) and separate them by commas. Article titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character. Infuence of seed extract of Syzygium cumini (Jamun) on mice exposed to diferent doses of γ-radiation. Do not include a header as part of the article title unless the table of contents for the journal issue indicates that it is. In this circumstance, create a title from the frst few words of the text and place it in square brackets. Article in audiovisual format with article title in a language other than English Journals in Audiovisual Formats 973 10. Article in audiovisual format with article title constructed Journal Title for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats (required) General Rules for Journal Title • Enter the journal title in the original language • Abbreviate signifcant words in a journal title (see Abbreviation rules for journal titles below) and omit other words, such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions • Capitalize all remaining title words, including abbreviations • Cite a journal name as it was published at the time. Video Revista Italiana di Medicina e Chirurgia becomes Video Rev Ital Med Chir [videocassette]. Tis practice is used to show that two or more journal titles with the same name reside in a library collection or database; the name of the city where the journal is published distinguishes the titles. Te city or state/country is usually shown in abbreviated format following the same rules as for words in journal titles, as Calif for California in the example above. If you use a bibliography or database to verify your reference and a place name is included, you may keep it if you wish. Abbreviate it according to the Abbreviation rules for journal titles and capitalize all remaining title words, including abbreviations. Abbreviate it according to the Abbreviation rules for journal titles and capitalize all remaining title words, including abbreviations. Do not abbreviate any of the words or omit any words; use the capitalization system of the particular language. If you do, abbreviate the title according to the Abbreviation rules for journal titles and indicate the language of the article afer the pagination. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. See Appendix A for a list of commonly abbreviated English words in journal titles. Article in audiovisual format with journal title having an edition Edition for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats (required) General Rules for Edition • Indicate the edition/version being cited afer the title if a journal is published in more than one edition or version • Abbreviate each signifcant word (see Abbreviation rules for editions) and omit other words, such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions • Capitalize all remaining title words, including abbreviations • Place the edition statement in parentheses, such as (Br Ed) • End the edition statement with a space Specific Rules for Edition • Abbreviation rules for editions • Non-English words for editions 978 Citing Medicine Box 28. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Example: ĉ or ç becomes c ⚬ Separate the edition from the title proper by a space and place it in parentheses ⚬ Do not follow abbreviated words with a period, but end all journal title information with a period • For an edition statement written in a character-based language such as Chinese and Japanese. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Examples: ŏ becomes o ū becomes u ⚬ Separate the edition from the title proper by a space and place it in parentheses Box 28 continues on next page... If you do, abbreviate them according to the Abbreviation rules for journal titles. Dutch uitgave Uitg editie Ed Finnish julkaisu Julk French edition Ed German Ausgabe Ausg Greek ekdosis Ekd Italian edizione Ed Norwegian publikasjon Publ Portuguese edicao Ed Russian izdanie Izd Spanish edicion Ed Swedish upplaga n. Article in audiovisual format with journal title having an edition Type of Medium for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats (required) General Rules for Type of Medium • Indicate the type of medium (videocassette, audiocassette, etc. Standard article in audiovisual format Date of Publication for Journal Articles in Audiovisual Formats (required) General Rules for Date of Publication • Include the year, month, and day of publication in that order. Occasionally a journal is published in a series of issues without volumes or is published with a supplement, part, or special number to a date of publication rather than to a volume or issue. Special Number = Spec No ⚬ Follow the words with any accompanying letter or number found, as Suppl 1 and Pt A ⚬ Place parts only in parentheses ⚬ End supplement, part, or special number information with a colon Examples: 2005;Suppl: 2005;(Pt 3): 2005;Spec No: 2005;Suppl A: 2005;(Pt B): 2005;Spec No 2: 2005;Suppl 1: 2005 Jan;(Pt 1): 2005 Jan;Spec No: 2005 Jan;Suppl: 2005;Abstr Suppl: • If there are no volume numbers, issue numbers, supplements, parts, or special numbers, follow the date information with a colon and the location (pagination) and extent of the article 2000:Side A [program 2, 34 min. Specific Rules for Date of Publication • Further divisions to a date other than volume or issue • Multiple years, months, or days of publication • Non-English names for months • Seasons instead of months • No volume or issue following the date • Options for dates Box 30. A journal may publish a supplement, part, or special number to a date of publication rather than to a specifc volume or issue.

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